Shai Secunda, "Lost Property to the King!": The Talmudic Laws of Lost Property in the Shadow of Sasanian Bureaucracy



The Babylonian Talmud preserves a complaint that found objects must be sent to the king. In this article I closely analyze this tradition alongside the rabbinic rules of found objects, and consider the impact that the Sasanian laws of lost property, known in Zoroastrian texts as the Apēdagānestān (Code of "strays") may have had upon the rabbinic system.