Ofir Haim, An Early Judeo-Persian Letter Sent from Ghazna to Bāmiyān (Ms. Heb. 4°8333.29)

National Library of Israel, Ms. Heb. 4o8333.29, verso. Paper, 47 x 32.8 cm. Courtesy of the 
National Library of Israel.
National Library of Israel, Ms. Heb. 4o8333.29, verso. Paper, 47 x 32.8 cm. Courtesy of the National Library of Israel.




The discovery of a large group of documents in Afghanistan a few years ago provides a rare documentation of Jewish life in the eastern Iranian world in the first half of the 5th/11th century. In 2013 the National Library of Israel purchased twenty-nine of these documents. The collection of the National Library of Israel is comprised of texts of different genres, such as poetry, legal documents, and biblical commentaries, as well as letters concerning personal and commercial matters. The following article presents an edition and translation of one of these letters written in Early Judeo-Persian. This letter, which was sent from the city of Ghazna to the city of Bāmiyān, contains valuable information regarding Jewish life under Ghaznavid rule.