Klaus Karttunen, "Gandhāra and the Greeks"

The article analyses the Greek and Latin passages mentioning Gandhāra by name. As Gandarike (people Gandarai or Gandarioi) it was known from the late 6th century B.C.E. on. In Hellenistic period there was some confusion with the name (Gandaridai, or even Gangaridai) and location, which I have attempted to put straight.