Rika Gyselen, Vahrām III (293) and the Rock Relief of Naqsh-i Rustam II: A Contribution to the Iconography of Sasanian Crown Princes in the Third Century



image
Rock relief of Ŝābuhr (Naqsh-i Rajab I).



No portrait of Vahrām III is known--his reign seems to have been too ephemeral to have issued coins and a royal portrait to have been created. In contrast, at least two representations are known of the future Vahrām III as "king of Sakastan," the title Narseh used in the Paikuli inscription for identifying Wahram III. On a monetary emission of Wahram II struck in the Sakastan workshop, the "king of Sakastan" is characterized by a kulāf with the head of a winged lion. This detail allows us also to identify it on a relief of Vahrām II at Naqsh-i Rustam (II).