Étienne de la Vaissière, Is There a “Nationality of the Hephtalites”?

This paper deals with the Chinese sources on the Hephtalites, showing that the oldest one was not fully analyzed. It demonstrates that the Hephtalites arrived in Central Asia in the fourth century and that there was only one wave of nomadic invasions. The Hephtalites should be regarded as a tribal and political confederation, and certainly not as a linguistic or ethnic one.