Oscar White Muscarella, A Review Article of Yousef Madjidzadeh, Jiroft; The Earliest Oriental Civilization 


Jiroft? Bowl showing hero mastering bulls. A probable forgery—note for example the poor execution of the bull’s head.

For several years reports in scholarly and non-scholarly publications have claimed that a large number of objects confiscated in various distant areas in Iran derive from plundered graves in the region of Jiroft.  This article demonstrates that there are no records preserved anywhere that yield information concerning the time when, how, and by whom the material was confiscated; consequently there is no archaeological reason to accept the disparate finds as manifestly from one area in Iran, or that all are ancient artifacts.    .pdf file




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